SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes from genetic data: A Danish case study

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SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes from genetic data : A Danish case study. / Bluhm, Andreas; Christandl, Matthias; Gesmundo, Fulvio; Ravn Klausen, Frederik; Mančinska, Laura; Steffan, Vincent; Stilck França, Daniel; Werner, Albert H.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 15, No. 10, e0241405, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bluhm, A, Christandl, M, Gesmundo, F, Ravn Klausen, F, Mančinska, L, Steffan, V, Stilck França, D & Werner, AH 2020, 'SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes from genetic data: A Danish case study', PLoS ONE, vol. 15, no. 10, e0241405. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241405

APA

Bluhm, A., Christandl, M., Gesmundo, F., Ravn Klausen, F., Mančinska, L., Steffan, V., ... Werner, A. H. (2020). SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes from genetic data: A Danish case study. PLoS ONE, 15(10), [e0241405]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241405

Vancouver

Bluhm A, Christandl M, Gesmundo F, Ravn Klausen F, Mančinska L, Steffan V et al. SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes from genetic data: A Danish case study. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(10). e0241405. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241405

Author

Bluhm, Andreas ; Christandl, Matthias ; Gesmundo, Fulvio ; Ravn Klausen, Frederik ; Mančinska, Laura ; Steffan, Vincent ; Stilck França, Daniel ; Werner, Albert H. / SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes from genetic data : A Danish case study. In: PLoS ONE. 2020 ; Vol. 15, No. 10.

Bibtex

@article{faee27dfcd3448079166eccb0bcadba8,
title = "SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes from genetic data: A Danish case study",
abstract = "BackgroundThe first cases of COVID-19 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus were reported in China in December 2019. The disease has since spread globally. Many countries have instated measures to slow the spread of the virus. Information about the spread of the virus in a country can inform the gradual reopening of a country and help to avoid a second wave of infections. Our study focuses on Denmark, which is opening up when this study is performed (end-May 2020) after a lockdown in mid-March.MethodsWe perform a phylogenetic analysis of 742 publicly available Danish SARS-CoV-2 genome sequences and put them into context using sequences from other countries.ResultsOur findings are consistent with several introductions of the virus to Denmark from independent sources. We identify several chains of mutations that occurred in Denmark. In at least one case we find evidence that the virus spread from Denmark to other countries. A number of the mutations found in Denmark are non-synonymous, and in general there is a considerable variety of strains. The proportions of the most common haplotypes remain stable after lockdown.ConclusionEmploying phylogenetic methods on Danish genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2, we exemplify how genetic data can be used to trace the introduction of a virus to a country. This provides alternative means for verifying existing assumptions. For example, our analysis supports the hypothesis that the virus was brought to Denmark by skiers returning from Ischgl. On the other hand, we identify transmission routes which suggest that Denmark was part of a network of countries among which the virus was being transmitted. This challenges the common narrative that Denmark only got infected from abroad. Our analysis concerning the ratio of haplotypes does not indicate that the major haplotypes appearing in Denmark have a different degree of virality.",
author = "Andreas Bluhm and Matthias Christandl and Fulvio Gesmundo and {Ravn Klausen}, Frederik and Laura Mančinska and Vincent Steffan and {Stilck Fran{\cc}a}, Daniel and Werner, {Albert H.}",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0241405",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes from genetic data

T2 - A Danish case study

AU - Bluhm, Andreas

AU - Christandl, Matthias

AU - Gesmundo, Fulvio

AU - Ravn Klausen, Frederik

AU - Mančinska, Laura

AU - Steffan, Vincent

AU - Stilck França, Daniel

AU - Werner, Albert H.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - BackgroundThe first cases of COVID-19 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus were reported in China in December 2019. The disease has since spread globally. Many countries have instated measures to slow the spread of the virus. Information about the spread of the virus in a country can inform the gradual reopening of a country and help to avoid a second wave of infections. Our study focuses on Denmark, which is opening up when this study is performed (end-May 2020) after a lockdown in mid-March.MethodsWe perform a phylogenetic analysis of 742 publicly available Danish SARS-CoV-2 genome sequences and put them into context using sequences from other countries.ResultsOur findings are consistent with several introductions of the virus to Denmark from independent sources. We identify several chains of mutations that occurred in Denmark. In at least one case we find evidence that the virus spread from Denmark to other countries. A number of the mutations found in Denmark are non-synonymous, and in general there is a considerable variety of strains. The proportions of the most common haplotypes remain stable after lockdown.ConclusionEmploying phylogenetic methods on Danish genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2, we exemplify how genetic data can be used to trace the introduction of a virus to a country. This provides alternative means for verifying existing assumptions. For example, our analysis supports the hypothesis that the virus was brought to Denmark by skiers returning from Ischgl. On the other hand, we identify transmission routes which suggest that Denmark was part of a network of countries among which the virus was being transmitted. This challenges the common narrative that Denmark only got infected from abroad. Our analysis concerning the ratio of haplotypes does not indicate that the major haplotypes appearing in Denmark have a different degree of virality.

AB - BackgroundThe first cases of COVID-19 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus were reported in China in December 2019. The disease has since spread globally. Many countries have instated measures to slow the spread of the virus. Information about the spread of the virus in a country can inform the gradual reopening of a country and help to avoid a second wave of infections. Our study focuses on Denmark, which is opening up when this study is performed (end-May 2020) after a lockdown in mid-March.MethodsWe perform a phylogenetic analysis of 742 publicly available Danish SARS-CoV-2 genome sequences and put them into context using sequences from other countries.ResultsOur findings are consistent with several introductions of the virus to Denmark from independent sources. We identify several chains of mutations that occurred in Denmark. In at least one case we find evidence that the virus spread from Denmark to other countries. A number of the mutations found in Denmark are non-synonymous, and in general there is a considerable variety of strains. The proportions of the most common haplotypes remain stable after lockdown.ConclusionEmploying phylogenetic methods on Danish genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2, we exemplify how genetic data can be used to trace the introduction of a virus to a country. This provides alternative means for verifying existing assumptions. For example, our analysis supports the hypothesis that the virus was brought to Denmark by skiers returning from Ischgl. On the other hand, we identify transmission routes which suggest that Denmark was part of a network of countries among which the virus was being transmitted. This challenges the common narrative that Denmark only got infected from abroad. Our analysis concerning the ratio of haplotypes does not indicate that the major haplotypes appearing in Denmark have a different degree of virality.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0241405

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0241405

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33119657

VL - 15

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 10

M1 - e0241405

ER -

ID: 250598865